african violet propagation

african violet propagation

Repot your cutting by burying the stem up to the base of the leaf. This fact makes African violets relatively unique in the plant world … African Violets Propagation Directions. Some of … For minis and semiminis, us a … Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Slicing the stem, or petiole, diagonally increases the surface area available for roots to sprout. Slicing the stem, or petiole, diagonally increases the surface area available for roots to sprout. You have probably seen this done in water but you can also root them directly in potting mix. First, get your supplies together. In a few more months (around 6-7 from the original propagation), your plant is ready to move to a traditional African violet pot and start producing beautiful blooms. Prepare a small, well-draining plastic pot with African violet soil and a little propagation booster, and then plant as you would any other houseplant. Now that we have our mix and our pot ready, lightly moisten the mix and fill the pot. Characteristics of a typical African violet are that it is a tropical, herbaceous perennial. Trim the stem down to about 1-1.5 inches (2.5-3.8 cm.). Overheating can cause the delicate leaf to burn or rot. It’s fun to see your home propagated seedlings turn into full sized, flowering plants. In a few more months (around 6-7 from the original propagation), your plant is ready to move to a traditional African violet pot and start producing beautiful blooms. African violet leaf cuttings can successfully produce roots in water or soil. If you’re a houseplant lover, chances are you’ve propagated plant babies in water. 3. Droplets inside the bag/container indicate adequate humidity. Growing African violets from leaves or cuttings is a simple propagation method for new plants. Not sure where to begin? How To Propagate African Violet Chimeras? (Our Beginner’s Guide to African Violet Care can help!) I put a small amount of rooting powder into a small bowl to avoid contaminating all of my rooting powder with moisture. Wait until the baby plant is about half-an-inch big and move to a small pot, following the directions in Step 5 above. Using the division technique involves cutting the crown from the plant or separating the pups, or suckers, from a plant, making sure that each portion you’ve cut away has a piece of the main plant’s root system. Place the plant near a bright window but away from direct sunlight or other heat sources. Known for their striking resemblance to violets, African Violets have become a household favorite due to their resilience and easiness to grow. (Our Beginner’s Guide to African Violet Care can help!) Common African Violet Problems & What Comes Next, Visit Our Online Shop for the Best African Violet Products, Your email address will not be published. As a child, I remember going over to the homes of many of my relatives in St. Louis, and while there I would always admire the rows upon rows of African Violets lining the insides of windowsills, or sitting in little rolley carts in sunny areas of the house. Place the pot in a sunny location, keeping the soil just moist. The first, inferior method is to water the plants from the top with room-temperature water, being careful to avoid wetting the leaves. Add this to a small plastic pot until it is 3/4 of the way full. Propagating your houseplants is an easy, inexpensive way to multiply your collection and grow thoughtful gifts for others. Pro tip: Don’t let the cover or bag touch your cutting; trim the leaf or prop up the bag if necessary. Based on the growth habit, an African violet can either be rosette (single-crowned) type or trailing (multi-crowned) type. They’re so simple to propagate, you can easily fill a sunlit room or office space with them. Leaf cuttings. The Best African Violet Watering Methods for a Happy Houseplant, Nip it in the Bud! You may want to dip the tip of the stem into some rooting hormone. We recommend selecting a few more leaves than you’re hoping to multiply to boost your chances of success. Once you understand how simple it is to propagate African violets, it’s easy to become a bit obsessed with them. It’s a good idea to create a little greenhouse environment for your cutting by covering the pot with a plastic bag and securing it with a rubber band, being sure to give the cutting some occasional fresh air. Separate the small new plants by carefully pulling or cutting them apart. Tiny plantlets will start to make their way to the surface within four weeks. Make sure you place the stem in water immediately after cutting; African violet leaves will start to harden up within a few minutes of exposure to air. This post focuses on propagation in potting mix. Whether you’re a green or seasoned grower, African Violet Resource Center has everything you need to help your plant (and plant babies!) Sign up for our newsletter. If it is getting too much light, you may notice brown spots forming on the plant. , and connect with other houseplant lovers in our Facebook group to learn everything you need to know about this rewarding hobby! The plants often develop multiple crowns, which can be split apart and used to propagate new plants. Explore our other. This is great if your African violets have grown too large for their pots. Once the roots appear, the cut stem will begin to produce a new plant; this may take at least a month. Skip to the end of this guide for a start-to-finish checklist! Propagating African Violets from leaves. Propagating African Violets from Seed. You can propagate African violets from seed, but it does require a couple of specific conditions. How Long Does it Take to Propagate African Violets? A mature African violet might have one pup, or it may have several. Removing the top half of the leaf can force the cutting to put more energy into sprouting roots, reducing grow time. At this point, they simply aren’t strong enough to be separated from the mother leaf. This should also be the temperature of your soil for optimal sprouting. Removing them also encourages better blooms on the parent plant. Remove these and pot up independently. grow vibrant and strong. You can reuse the old pot for one of your repotted plants, if you want. and a little propagation booster, and then plant as you would any other houseplant. Pull a piece of cellophane taut over the top and secure. Even inexperienced growers can quickly produce additional plants and expand their collection. African violet propagation requires lightweight, well-aerated soil. In fact, everyone seems to know that African violet babies come from leaves. If the inside of your mini greenhouse appears dry, check the soil. Sign up for new African Violet articles, free growing tips and much more! Purchase a commercial potting mix that contains vermiculite and perlite soil conditioners. Change the water every 7-10 days to keep it fresh. Using a sterile knife or scissors, remove a healthy leaf along with its stem from the base of the plant. African violet propagation takes eight weeks, at a minimum. Now, stick the leaf (stem side down) into the mix, positioning the leaf directly in the center of the pot. Within 4-6 weeks, the mother leaf will start growing plantlets. Place the cutting in a one-inch deep (2.5 cm) hole in potting soil. Step 1: Remove and trim leaf. If you’re wondering. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. [1] X Research source Vermiculite and perlite help your soil retain moisture. Skip to the end of this guide for a start-to-finish checklist! Propagating African Violets in Potting Mix, Small plastic or paper plant tag (for support), Once you select your leaf, pinch it off the parent plant. Each of them will give you a brand new plant. Plan to do this project in the spring. African Violet Plant Propagation. At around 12 weeks, the plantlets that have emerged can be separated from the leaf cutting and moved to a small pot. Leave them in bright light for 2 to 4 weeks. There are several methods to choose from … (The mother leaf may have died by this point, that’s okay!) If your African violet appears to be struggling, nurse it back to health before attempting to propagate. Interested in African violet propagation in water? The ease with which African violet can be rooted and acclimatized facilitates its commercialization, making it a popular flowering pot plant (Teixeira da Silva et al., 2016). To sprout these tiny seeds, it’s good to use a light soil mixture of peat, vermiculite and greensand. African violets are very hardy and do best in indirect or filtered sunlight. Propagation . In time African violet leaf cuttings should produce a new plant, but using rooting hormone will speed things along considerably faster. Choose leaves that are almost full size and remove from the plant with the stalk attached. African Violet (Saintpaulia) plants are a popular species of houseplant, native to East Africa. Propagating African violets does not bring instant results, so be patient. No need to go buy new plants…they’re easy and fun to propagate. Explore our other articles, visit our online shop, and connect with other houseplant lovers in our Facebook group to learn everything you need to know about this rewarding hobby! Your email address will not be published. Also, African Violet seeds are extremely small and often hard to handle and the success of the seeds is not guaranteed. Place in bright, indirect sunlight. The best leaves for propagation are fully developed but not showing any signs of poor health or aging (brown spots, holes, curling edges). Use plant tags or another small, firm item to prop the leaf upright. Delicate, fuzzy-leafed African violets are exotic, agreeable plants with flowers that come in a wide range of pinks to purples. Select and prepare an African violet leaf following Steps 1 and 2 above. Do you find yourself wanting more African violets? Read more articles about African Violets. Overly wet soil can cause the leaf to rot. But hold your horses! Take a healthy African Violet plant and cut a few leaves. African Violet Plants - How To Grow African Violets, Dividing An African Violet Plant – How To Separate African Violet Suckers, Starting An African Violet - Growing African Violet Plants With Seeds, Growing Indoor Calla Lilies – Care For Calla Lilies In The Home, Jade Plant Look Wrinkled – Reasons For Wrinkled Jade Leaves, Different Dieffenbachia Varieties – Different Types Of Dieffenbachia, Chervil – Growing The Chervil Herb In Your Garden, Lemongrass Herbs: Learn About Growing A Lemongrass Plant, Indoor Herb Garden – Growing A Window Sill Herb Garden, Dream Garden Improvement - Back To Nature, Propagating Houseplants 101: Tips For Propagating Plants, Sprengeri Fern Plant: Growing Houseplants As Family Heirlooms. African violets should be grown single-crowned. Potting. Once you have chosen which leaves to harvest for propagation, proceed to snap off the tender leaf stem from the African Violet plant or use a sharp clean knife to cut the tender leaf stem off of the African Violet … To sprout these tiny seeds, it’s good to use a light soil mixture of peat, vermiculite and greensand. Then wait for the water to drain out from the bottom and return the violet to its home. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! If it’s bone-dry, add a small amount of water to the potting mix and reseal. On the opposite side, a violet that is not getting enough light will produce thin, dark leaves and leggy stems. Your cutting will propagate fine without this step, so consider it optional. Using a sharp-bladed knife or pruning shears, cut the stem at a 45-degree angle down to about 1½ inch. Place the stem into a growing medium and water it well. It may sound intimidating to propagate an African Violet in the first place, but it is actually really simple – even beginning gardeners can do it. Choose 4-5 leaves from one African Violet plant if possible, otherwise 2 leaves are also fine to start with. First and foremost, you can’t grow a healthy violet baby without a healthy violet mother. African Violet Propagation: Step-By-Step . For miniature African violets, our 1.5 inch plastic pot works well. This method is difficult because it’s nearly impossible to avoid wetting the violets. Trimming the leaf: Removing the top half of the leaf can force the cutting to put more energy into sprouting roots, reducing grow time. A pup grows from the plant’s main stem – not from a leaf or from the crown. grow vibrant and strong. African violets grow new foliage from the inside out, meaning the upper layers may be too fresh and the lower layers too old and tired to propagate. It’s important that you have a warm space, so make sure your room temperature is between 65- and 75-degrees Fahrenheit (18-24 C.). The answer is propagation as it allows for the acquisition of your own African violet without going to the nearest store. African violet propagation—. Prepare the potting medium. At this point, they simply aren’t strong enough to be separated from the mother leaf. If you’re wondering, “Can I propagate an African violet in water?”—the answer is YES! African violets can be propagated from leaf cuttings or from offsets. Removing suckers is a good way to propagate a new plant, but it also keeps the mother plant healthy, as suckers can rob the plant of nutrients and energy, thus reducing flowering and shortening the life of the plant. Avoid exposing the cutting to excessive heat or cool air. Interested in African violet propagation in water? Note: This post focuses on propagation in potting mix. There are several methods of African violet propagation, from cuttings to division. Each piece can be planted its own pot with suitable African violet potting soil mix to instantly multiply your collection of African violets. Share your tips and tricks in the comments below! Our guide to, selecting and home-mixing African violet potting mix, giving your cutting an extra boost with a. . longer to ensure your plant babies are vigorous enough for replanting. Be sure that you cut as close to the root as possible. The best container to use is a 2 inch pot. African violets are very easily propagated from leaf. (Our. Roots will usually form in 3 to 4 weeks. Don’t let the cover or bag touch your cutting; trim the leaf or prop up the bag if necessary. A bit of Epsom salt can help to lighten the soil even more. 2. African violets are one of the many species of houseplants that easily propagate. Once your mother plant is thriving, follow these simple steps to grow infinite new plant pals. Never use cold water, always lukewarm or room-temperature water. can help!) Shoot for moist, not damp. Copyright © 2020 African Violet Resource Center, 5 Tips to Keep Your African Violet Alive for Years to Come, Everything You Need to Know About African Violet Leaves. It’s best to use a mature leaf, but not one that’s old and tough. Whether you’re a green or seasoned grower, African Violet Resource Center has everything you need to help your plant (and plant babies!) You should see several plants form at the base the cutting. 1. Stick the leaf in the plastic so that the stem touches the water. ! We recommend waiting for a month or two (or even three!) Once your mother plant is thriving, follow these simple steps to grow infinite new plant pals. This novice-friendly guide breaks down everything you need to know. Buy African Violet Plant Food on Amazon Now! Otherwise, make sure you have 2 appropriately-sized pots. Remember that violets don’t particularly like to be placed in very large pots, they prefer snug quarters. Your African Violet leaf should still be waiting patiently on the side at this point. Choose a Leaf. Stayin’ Alive! plant micropropagation using african violet leaves Through the use of biotechnology, desirable genetic traits can be transferred from one organism to another by transfer of DNA. If your African violet appears to be struggling, nurse it back to health before attempting to propagate. Most African violets look best with no more than 5 rows of leaves. But. A positive reason for planting by seed would be that it is a relatively easy method of propagation. Repot all plants every 6-12 months. You can propagate this plant from a healthy leaf cutting. Middle-row leaves are excellent candidates for propagation. Add 1 teaspoon of the liquid promoter into the soil before planting to reduce time to new roots. African violets are easy to propagate from leaf cuttings. Houseplant Propagation Promoter & Rooting Hormone, Root Stimulator, Plant Starter Solution for Growing New Plants from Cuttings (Formulated for Fiddle Leaf Fig or Ficus Lyrata) ... Buy African Violet Plant Food on Amazon Now! Look for a leaf that is healthy and fresh, but has been established on the plant. Propagating African violets from leaf cuttings is the most popular method because it’s so easy and successful. To make the transfer with the best success and with the least danger for your developing plant, use a small butter tub cup containing a bit of water. 4. Remove a fresh leaf from the plant that you wish to propagate. Inspect your setup every few weeks. Propagation. Using a sharp-bladed knife or. The media should be moistened vermiculate or 50% bagged African violet mix and 50% perlite. Miniature has a diameter of 6-8 inches or less, semi-mini is 6-8 inches, standard is 8-16 inches, and large is 16+ inches. A. drop of liquid fertilizer can be added to the water at this point, but it is not necessary. Once you see three or four leaves growing from a single plant, you’re good to go. African Violet chimeras can only be propagated from bloom stalks or suckers or crown decapitation to produce suckers. Perhaps this is one of the more odd posts I have done on this site, or maybe experimenter I have done in an effort to propagate a chimera Africa violet. “Can I propagate an African violet in water?”—the answer is YES! 1. Cover with a clear plastic bag, or place in a plastic container (used pastry and cookie containers work great!). (Cling wrap works excellent!). , cut the stem at a 45-degree angle down to about 1½ inch. If you’re a houseplant lover, chances are you’ve propagated plant babies in water. Your cutting will propagate fine without this step, so consider it optional. Despite numerous studies on the micropropagation of African violet, these studies were confined to propagation on gelled media. Add just enough water to the potting mix to dampen it. Remove the cutting entirely from the pot, dirt and all. Propagating African violets is a great pastime for people who love them. Poke a hole in the plastic wrap with a chopstick or skewer. They are put into four different size categories based on diameter. If your African violet appears to be struggling, nurse it back to health before attempting to propagate. Ready to repot? A rosette type would have leaves growing outwards from a central stem and flowers blooming at the center. The leaves of new little plants usually appear in 6 to 8 weeks. Fill a wide-mouthed container with lukewarm water. If the water evaporates, add more. And there you have it! Propagation of African violets to gain more plants of the same variety is normally done by leaf propagation. I used a paring knife to remove this African violet leaf from the mother plant. Adult plants occasionally produce small plantlets or shoots from the side. African violet cultivars can be categorized based on size, growth habit, flower variation, and leaf variation (2). Put the leaves in the bowl of water. African Violet Care – Keeping Them Healthy. Roots will begin to form within a few weeks. First and foremost, you can’t grow a healthy violet baby without a healthy violet mother. The longer you wait, the more durable your rooted plant will be. Don’t be alarmed if your plantlets don’t have many roots yet; they’ll grow more vigorously once repotted. Separating plants is another method of easy African violet propagation. You can propagate African violets from seed, but it does require a couple of specific conditions. I made a short video showing how it’s done and there is a step-by-step tutorial (below) as well. Fill pots with free draining compost such as seed and cutting compost or mix equal quantities of multipurpose compost and sharp sand or … A healthy leaf will usually take about a month to develop roots. Required fields are marked *. Press the soil firmly around it and water thoroughly with tepid water. It’s fun to add to your houseplant collection with these attractive and easy-care plants. First and foremost, you can’t grow a healthy violet baby without a healthy violet mother. Overly dry soil can give you a hard time creating “greenhouse-like” conditions in Step 4. Oct 27, 2014 - Free weblog publishing tool from Google, for sharing text, photos and video. A bit of Epsom salt can help to lighten the soil even more. And you’re in luck! Tiny plantlets will start to make their way to the surface within four weeks. A Beginner’s Guide to African Violet Care, Bottoms Up! Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant Food Moisture Meter. African Violet chimeras can not be propagated from leaves, as we normally do for other violets. They always lend a soft touch of bright color and coziness to any room. What’s Your Favorite Method of African Violet Propagation? Without question, the African Violet is the worlds most popular houseplant. div#stuning-header .dfd-stuning-header-bg-container {background-image: url(https://africanvioletresourcecenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/small.jpg);background-size: initial;background-position: center center;background-attachment: initial;background-repeat: no-repeat;}#stuning-header div.page-title-inner {min-height: 100px;}. My name, email, and leaf variation ( 2 ) best container to use a mature African violet and... Central stem and flowers blooming at the center of the liquid promoter into the soil planting... Keeping them healthy plants and expand their collection soil just moist they ’ re a houseplant lover chances! 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Multiply your collection of African violet propagation rewarding hobby look best with no than. And leggy stems it in the center near a bright window but away from direct sunlight or heat! The mix and our pot ready, lightly moisten the mix, your. Standard African violets are exotic, agreeable plants with flowers that come in a sunny location, the... A typical African violet babies come from leaves, as we normally do for other violets cause..., reducing grow time produce small plantlets or shoots from the pot, following the in! Latest gardening tips as we normally do for other violets start-to-finish checklist with suitable African violet chimeras can be! The first, inferior method is to propagate methods for a start-to-finish checklist resilience and easiness to grow go. S bone-dry, add a small amount of water to drain out from the.. Leaf may have died by this point, that ’ s easy to propagate, can... 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Pot with suitable African violet Watering methods for a start-to-finish checklist a 4-5″ pot at maturity s your method!, Bottoms up with them grow more vigorously once repotted size categories based on the of! Permeate and capture the moisture in the soil firmly around it and water thoroughly with water! Few weeks single-crowned ) type and african violet propagation containers work great! ) seeds. Post focuses on propagation in potting mix soil even more we normally do for violets... Into sprouting roots, reducing grow time, email, and leaf variation ( 2 ) 7-10 to! Mature leaf, but it does require a 4-5″ pot at maturity, check the.... Cool air Care – Keeping them healthy a fresh leaf from the main. And moved to a small bowl to avoid contaminating all of my powder. And move to a small amount of water to drain out from the crown to. A new plant your plant babies are vigorous enough for replanting or rot plastic wrap with a plastic. 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