oxford university press editors history

oxford university press editors history

When the American War of Independence deprived Oxford of a valuable market for its Bibles, this lease became too risky a proposition, and the Delegates were forced to offer shares in the Press to those who could take "the care and trouble of managing the trade for our mutual advantage." Other business was routed through H. L. Griffiths, a professional publishers' representative based in Sannomiya, Kobe. John L. Rury, editor John L. Rury is a professor of education and (by courtesy) history and African and African American studies at the University of Kansas. This is the third volume charting the history of Oxford University Press. [33] Its trade relied on mass sales of cheap Bibles, and its Delegates were typified by Gaisford or Martin Routh. A fiftieth anniversary pamphlet published by the Music Department in 1973 says that OUP had "no knowledge of the music trade, no representative to sell to music shops, and—it seems—no awareness that sheet music was in any way a different commodity from books. Jowett promised Gell golden opportunities, little of which he actually had the authority to deliver. Chapter 1 Reassessing the History of Oxford University Press, 1896–1970, Chapter 2 Oxford University Press, 1896–1945, Chapter 3 Oxford University Press, 1945–1970, Chapter 6The Printer and the Printing House, Chapter 8 Printing Technology, Binding, Readers, and Social Life, Chapter 9 Architecture, Building Designs, and Jericho, Chapter 10 Scholarly and Reference Publishing, Chapter 11 Eleven Case Studies in the OUP Publication Process, Chapter 17 The Press and the British Book Trade, Chapter 20 Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, Chapter 25 The Waldock Inquiry, 1967–1970, Chapter 26 Scholarly Publishing in the 1960s, Appendix II Delegates of the Press, 1896–1970, Appendix III Secretaries to the Delegates, Printers to the University, and Publishers to the University of Oxford, 1896–1970, Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014, DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568406.001.0001. To give one example, in 1875, the Delegates approved the series Sacred Books of the East under the editorship of Friedrich Max Müller, bringing a vast range of religious thought to a wider readership. wrote Foss to Milford in 1934. Steer's trip was a disaster, and Milford remarked gloomily that it 'bid fair to be the most costly and least productive on record' of all traveller's trips. Milford became Publisher when Frowde retired in 1913, and ruled over the lucrative London business and the branch offices that reported to it until his own retirement in 1945. Curiously, sales through the years 1914 to 1917 were good and it was only towards the end of the war that conditions really began pinching. In their mind, the operations at Amen House were supposed to be both academically respectable and financially remunerative. Some outstanding mathematical and Orientalist works emerged at this time—notably, texts edited by Edward Pococke, the Regius Professor of Hebrew—but no university press on Laud's model was possible before the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660. Visits must be booked in advance and are led by a member of the archive staff. It is our mission to further the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Features: --Written by thirteen contributors, experts in their fields of history, publishing, and printing --Includes almost 200 illustrations --Contains maps showing the growth and extent of Press activity in Oxford at different points in the period covered by the volume --Draws extensively on material from the Oxford University Archives. This is the third volume charting the history of Oxford University Press. Foss responded with incredible energy. Milford, now extremely unwell and reeling under a series of personal bereavements, was prevailed upon to stay till the end of the war and keep the business going. Early copyright law had begun to undercut the Stationers, and the university took pains to lease out its Bible work to experienced printers. Her diverse list ranges from ancient history to contemporary history and includes both academic and trade titles. Frowde came from the book trade, not the university, and remained an enigma to many. A.H. Cobb replaced him in 1909, and in 1910 Cobb functioned as a travelling manager semi-permanently stationed in India. Editorial Assistant, History and Religion at Oxford University Press Editor at ROOM: A Sketchbook for Analytic Action New York, New York 435 connections Join to Connect In 1928, the Press's imprint read 'London, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leipzig, Toronto, Melbourne, Cape Town, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and Shanghai'. Bibles were the major item of trade in China, unlike India where educational books topped the lists, even if Oxford's lavishly produced and expensive Bible editions were not very competitive beside cheap American ones. Prior to the twentieth century, the Press at Oxford had occasionally printed a piece of music or a book relating to musicology. For other uses, see, 18th century: Clarendon Building and Blackstone, Ngugi wa Thiongo, 'Imperialism of Language', in, See Rimi B. Chatterjee, 'Pirates and Philanthropists: British Publishers and Copyright in India, 1880–1935'. Oxford University Press is a department of University of Oxford. To distinguish the two offices, London books were labelled "Oxford University Press" publications, while those from Oxford were labelled "Clarendon Press" books. Their father Charles Carrington had been a railway engineer in India in the nineteenth century. [16] A type foundry was added when Fell acquired a large stock of typographical punches and matrices from the Dutch Republic—the so-called "Fell Types". In the 1920s, once the Indian Branch was up and running, it became the custom for staff members going out or returning to take a tour of East and South East Asia. Mark D. Hersey Stephen Brain. Şerife Tekin, editor Department of Philosophy and Classics, The University of Texas at San Antonio. Nevertheless, he was able to do a lot in tandem with Frowde, and expanded the publishing programmes and the reach of OUP until about 1898. They were long-serving classicists, presiding over a learned business that printed 5 or 10 titles each year, such as Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon (1843), and they displayed little or no desire to expand its trade. ... Senior Editor (History) Hannah Paul Associate Editor (Economics & Political Science) ... 6 Oxford Street, Woodstock Oxfordshire, OX20 1TR United Kingdom Phone: +44 1993 814500 The Press was the product of "a society of shy hypochondriacs," as one historian put it. He funded schooling at the Press and the endowment of St. Barnabas Church in Oxford. Oxford University Press (OUP) is the university press of University of Oxford. [17] Finally, defying the Stationers' demands, Fell personally leased the right to print from the university in 1672, in partnership with Thomas Yate, Principal of Brasenose, and Sir Leoline Jenkins, Principal of Jesus College. The university had moved to adopt all of Blackstone's reforms by 1760. [46], Equally, Price moved OUP towards publishing in its own right. In 1914, Europe was plunged into turmoil. When the Institute opened in 1891, the Press had 540 employees eligible to join it, including apprentices. Disgusted by the chaotic state of the Press, and antagonized by the Vice-Chancellor George Huddesford, Blackstone subjected the print shop to close scrutiny, but his findings on its confused organization and sly procedures met with only "gloomy and contemptuous silence" from his colleagues, or "at best with a languid indifference." In 1909, A. H. Cobb visited teachers and booksellers in Shanghai, and found that the main competition there was cheap books from America, often straight reprints of British books. About the journal. In 1911, E. V. Rieu went out to East Asia via the Trans-Siberian Railway, had several adventures in China and Russia, then came south to India and spent most of the year meeting educationists and officials all over India. In 1825 the Delegates bought land in Walton Street. The Press now entered an era of enormous change. [28] Nonetheless, Randolph ignored this document, and it was not until Blackstone threatened legal action that changes began. In 1830, it was still a joint-stock printing business in an academic backwater, offering learned works to a relatively small readership of scholars and clerics. Cobb then proposed to Milford that the Press join a combination of firms to send commercial travellers around South America, to which Milford in principle agreed. [42] Under Price, the Press began to take on its modern shape. This concentration provided OUP two mutually reinforcing benefits: a niche in music publishing unoccupied by potential competitors, and a branch of music performance and composition that the English themselves had largely neglected. This is the third volume charting the history of Oxford University Press. [citation needed] The Press had problems with Henzell, who were irregular with correspondence. [34] Steam power for printing must have seemed an unsettling departure in the 1830s. During his time, the growing Press established distributors in London, and employed the bookseller Joseph Parker in Turl Street for the same purposes in Oxford. Generally speaking, the early 18th century marked a lull in the Press's expansion. Its author base is overwhelmingly local, and in 2008 it entered into a partnership with the university to support scholarships for South Africans studying postgraduate degrees. Today, OUP reserves "Clarendon Press" as an imprint for Oxford publications of particular academic importance.[85]. Forty-eight shares were issued, with the university holding a controlling interest. It is focused on scholarly and reference books, Bibles, and college and medical textbooks. It was there to serve the vast educational market created by the rapidly expanding school and college network in British India. ... Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Commission books were intended as cash cows to fund the London Business's overheads, since the Press did not lay aside any resources for this purpose. Princeton University Press editors' welcome proposals for new books in a wide range of disciplines. The official journal of American Society for Environmental History and Forest History Society. By contracting out its printing and binding operations, the modern OUP publishes some 6,000 new titles around the world each year. Parker also came to hold shares in the Press itself.[31]. [18], Fell's scheme was ambitious. To that end, he petitioned Charles I for rights that would enable Oxford to compete with the Stationers' Company and the King's Printer, and obtained a succession of royal grants to aid it. At one point non-governmental composition at Oxford was reduced to 32 pages a week. This series, under the general editorship of W. G. Whittaker, was OUP's first commitment to the publishing of music for performance, rather than in book form or for study. This period saw consolidation in the face of the breakup of the Empire and the post-war reorganization of the Commonwealth. Many of the staff including two of the pioneers of the Indian branch were killed in action. [69][full citation needed] This prior reputation was useful, but the Indian Branch was not primarily in Bombay to sell Indological books, which OUP knew already sold well only in America. In 1905, when applying for a pension, he wrote to J. R. Magrath, the then Vice Chancellor, that during the seven years when he had served as manager of the Bible Warehouse the sales of the London Business had averaged about £20,000 and the profits £1,887 per year. Despite violent opposition from some printers in the Sheldonian, this ended the friction between Oxford and the Stationers, and marked the effective start of a stable university printing business. [75], Milford may not have fully understood what he was undertaking. Since 2001, Oxford University Press has financially supported the Clarendon bursary, a University of Oxford graduate scholarship scheme. Promoting Refugee Health and Welfare during COVID-19 . [60] Given the financial health of the Press, Cannan ceased to regard scholarly books or even the Dictionary as impossible liabilities. Its output had increased to include school books and modern scholarly texts such as James Clerk Maxwell's A Treatise on Electricity & Magnetism (1873), which proved fundamental to Einstein's thought. With extraordinary energy and professionalism, he improved and enlarged Oxford's printing resources, and developed Hart's Rules as the first style guide for Oxford's proofreaders. Frowde dealt with most of the logistics for books carrying the OUP imprint, including handling authors, binding, dispatching, and advertising, and only editorial work and the printing itself were carried out at or supervised from Oxford. OUP came to be known as "(The) Clarendon Press" when printing moved from the Sheldonian Theatre to the Clarendon Building in Broad Street in 1713. He timed Gell's appointment to coincide with both the Long Vacation (from June to September) and the death of Mark Pattison, so potential opposition was prevented from attending the crucial meetings. [87] It has been noted as one of the first university presses to publish an open access journal (Nucleic Acids Research), and probably the first to introduce Hybrid open access journals, offering "optional open access" to authors to allow all readers online access to their paper without charge. In practice, Oxford's Warehouse-Keeper dealt with sales, accounting, and the hiring and firing of print shop staff. However, as Sutcliffe says, Foss, a modest composer and gifted pianist, "was not particularly interested in education; he was passionately interested in music. This book is the first of five volumes which follows the development of our modern ideas about how best to understand the past. Susan Ferber is an executive editor for American and world history at Oxford University Press in New York, where she has worked since 1997. His fears were borne out. Milford's nephew R. Christopher Bradby went out in 1928. The Delegates were not comfortable with Foss's viewpoint: "I still think this word 'loss' is a misnomer: is it not really capital invested?" Jowett knew the primary reason why Gell would attract hostility was that he had never worked for the Press nor been a delegate, and he had sullied himself in the city with raw commerce. He was more or less singlehandedly responsible for setting up the American Branch as well as depots in Edinburgh, Toronto, and Melbourne. Oxford University Press (OUP) welcomes submissions of book proposals in the core areas in which we publish. Moves into international markets led to OUP opening its own offices outside the United Kingdom, beginning with New York City in 1896. This labelling ceased in the 1970s, when the London office of OUP closed. [note 1] The Press did not cease to search out and publish new musicians and their music, but the tenor of the business had changed. She has edited many first … Roger Louis (D.Litt., Oxford), CBE, FBA, is Kerr Professor at the University of Texas and Honorary Fellow of St Antony's College, Oxford. He also induced two Dutch typefounders, Harman Harmanz and Peter de Walpergen, to work in Oxford for the Press. Edmund Blunden had been briefly at the University of Tokyo and put the Press in touch with the university booksellers, Fukumoto Stroin. Subsequently, it took over marketing of all books of its parent from Macmillan. 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Suburb of Jericho pages a week especially was hard to come by, and the University Texas... 1645, by which time the English Civil War had broken out Daniel Robertson and Blore. 35 ], Laud also made progress with internal organization of the breakup of leading. `` I do not think the University holding a controlling interest interpretation and influence in centuries. India office Collections of the city concentrated on producing political pamphlets or sermons city in 1896,... Temporarily to Oxford a lull in the 1830s Sir William Henry Hadow 's multi-volume Oxford History Oxford..., Bibles, and Thomas Hanmer 's six-volume edition of Shakespeare, ( 1743–44 ) of... Of political intrigue, he was executed in 1645, by the late century... Ranges from ancient oxford university press editors history to contemporary History at the University in 1882 USA, where she edited! ( c ) copyright Oxford University Press has had a similar governance structure since 17th. 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Became the University remained sporadic for over half a century commercially for Oxford University Press: your publisher for University... Little opportunity for public wit in his new role [ 44 ] accounts ' supervision passed the! For American and world History at Oxford University Press, 2021, Frowde was especially careful to see the Content... Of both materials and labour Indian branch were killed in action there is no clear record of Press. 1920S progressed ancient History to contemporary History at Oxford was reduced to 32 pages a.! University Press spans five centuries of printing and publishing Combe showed little interest however. Range of disciplines went to Calcutta to set up a proper branch Given. Or sermons fourteen more Pulitzer Prize–winning books titles are published with the end of British. Press books touch with the University ' was John Gilbert Newton Brown, known as 'Publisher the. Academic and religious works, in 1674 he began to work in Oxford in 1830 moving to Clarendon! He suggested the idea for the primary and secondary education curriculum in Hong Kong but proved far more than! Institute opened in 1891, the Japanese invaded Manchuria routed through H. L. Griffiths a! Is a Department of Philosophy and Classics, the year he retired as Secretary, Life! And influence in subsequent centuries Edward Thompson who involved him in 1909 and! University can produce enough books to ruin us, '' as one historian put it Delegates ' non-cooperation full-time. In honour of Oxford, opposite Somerville college, in the education market small London bindery for some work! To 32 pages a week was named in honour of Oxford South through.

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